Fungal damage to toenails

The opinion that fungal infections on nails are not harmful to human health is quite widespread among people. Onychomycosis (fungal infection of the nails) joins many parts of their lives, often invisible due to the absence of acute symptoms. But treatment for this does not become less important for such patients. Also, everyone should imagine how the shape of the nail affected by the fungus for the diagnosis of primary pathology is independent.

Infection with fungal microorganisms

pedicure as a method of infection on nail fungus

Fungal infections can occur in situations that are no longer unfamiliar to humans. In most cases, not everyone is aware of how they are at risk of infection. Causes of toenail infections include the following:

  1. Wear other people’s shoes, especially on feet without socks or tights.
  2. Visit the sauna, bath and pool without individual slates.
  3. Apply for the services of a pedicure master in the salon in question for the quality of work.
  4. Use someone else’s files and scissors to process the nail plate.
  5. Use other people's towels, towels.

In addition to the direct cause of onychomycosis, there are factors that contribute to easier infection:

  • Wearing stockings, stockings, tights.
  • Wear closed shoes during the summer, which causes the feet to sweat (and this is good for the growth of fungal microorganisms).
  • Ignore washing feet with soap constantly, especially in the summer after wearing open shoes.
  • Buy shoes made of artificial materials.
  • Dribbling toenails, cracks and corns on the soles of the feet.

What is toenail fungus like

Changes in the nail develop slowly, continue to run without antifungal therapy and can cause complete relief on the nail, which is known to be irreversible. At different stages of development of onychomycosis, all its clinical manifestations have varying degrees of severity. Changes in the nails are also individual, but in general, some common signs can be distinguished:

  1. Change the color of nails into brown, yellow, white, greenish and their color, a combination of each other.
  2. The appearance of brittle nails, their separation.
  3. The edges of the nail plate collapse more.
  4. The appearance of thorns, cracks and flaking on the skin near the nail, in the interdigital space.
  5. Increase or decrease in nail thickness (however, in some cases, the thickness remains unchanged).

Nail fungus treatment

expert consultation for toenail fungus

All therapeutic measures aimed at eliminating onychomycosis of the feet are recommended to begin when determining the first signs of a suspicious disease.

What should be treated, what medication and how it will be used, determine the stage of development of the disease and the amount of nail damage.

In general, there are two options for taking antifungal medications - local (topical) and general (systemic). Local remedies are gels, ointments, creams, solutions and sprays for use on the skin and nails. Systemic therapy is the intravenous infusion of a drug and its intake (orally, i. e. "by mouth") in the form of tablets or capsules.

These options can be applied not only separately, but also in combination with each other. In addition, there is mechanical removal of infected tissue, but only in the case of distant fungal infections.

Topical antifungal drugs

  • Solutions for external use. They should be applied twice a day to the affected area with the brush. It is best to wash the area with soapy water and pat dry before use. After you apply the solution, cover the area with an aseptic bandage. "
  • Ointments and antifungal creams are applied in a thin layer over the lesion once or twice a day.

Mechanical removal

mechanical nail removal in the event of a fungal infection

A large number of patients believe that if associated with this type of treatment, they will definitely lose their nails completely. Fortunately, only in the advanced stages of the disease (the fungus has affected most of the tissues) do they use this. In other cases, pedicure instruments can be used to remove part of the tissue, which is exposed to microorganisms.

For a long time surgery has been performed to release nail plates under local anesthesia. Inside, all the nails were removed at once, and first they separated them from their beds with scissors, and then they "removed" them with a broom. But such an operation damages the nail matrix, which is the basis of regrowth, which causes abnormal growth of new tissue, the growth of which often becomes soft tissue.

There is now an option to cure the fungus with the removal of infected nail plates with a laser. The laser does not touch healthy tissue, only destroys the fungal cells found in the deep layers of the nail, thus avoiding plate deformation.

In addition, hardware removal methods are distinguished, in which layer -by -layer nail removal is performed with tools with cutters of different sizes. This procedure is performed once a week or once every two weeks. Repeat until the affected nail layer is completely removed.

Prevention of onychomycosis

personal pedicure set for nail fungus prevention

Preventing infection with human pathogenic fungi is not so difficult for any patient. You just need to pay more attention to your lifestyle and remember about diseases like onychomycosis. The following is a list of key steps to prevent foot fungus:

  1. Do not wear, let alone wear other people's shoes.
  2. Use only your socks and tights, remember to wash them regularly.
  3. Features a personal pedicure tool.
  4. Use the services of a pedicure master only in places of proven and "quality" service.
  5. Remember to take and wear slippers or slippers with you in the public bath.

Everyone should remember that onychomycosis is far from a harmless disease that can even dislodge your nail plates or be complicated by a serious condition called fungal sepsis (blood poisoning).

To date, all effective treatment regimens for fungus on toenails have been developed, you just need to contact a dermatologist in a timely manner and identify the presence of pathogenic microorganisms.